Eisenhower inicio la construccion del sistema interestatal de carreteras, sin embargo nunca fue su intencion que éstas se construyeran a travez de ciudades densamente pobladas, esta decision se tomo en contra de sus deseos por presion de grupos industriales de poder -automotriz, construccion, petroleras, desarrolladores urbanos- avidos de obtener grandes utilidades de inicio y a largo plazo.
Eisenhower started de Interestate Highway System but never intended that highways be built through densely populated cities.
A memorandum of a 1960 meeting in the Oval Office, available in the archives of Eisenhower’s presidency, makes this crystal-clear:
“[The President] went on to say that the matter of running Interstate routes through the congested parts of the cities was entirely against his original concept and wishes; that he never anticipated that the program would turn out this way . . . and that he was certainly not aware of any concept of using the program to build up an extensive intra-city route network as part of the program he sponsored. He added that those who had not advised him that such was being done, and those who steered the program in such a direction, had not followed his wishes.”
The Secretary of Commerce and head of the Federal Highway Administration were in the room. (Thanks to urban transportation whiz Rick Hall for finding this memo.)